Scroll on down the page for all the information. The letters L Lunar and S Solar are included with the Saros numbers to help distinguish the series that the eclipse belongs with. The Nodal Family is directly linked with the Saros Series. The North and South represent the node that the eclipse series originates from. The crescent is actually the Sun being eclipsed by the Moon during a solar eclipse, while the pinkish round circle is the Full Moon during a total lunar eclipse.
To adjust the times for your timezone, add or subtract the number of hours your timezone is from 0 UT. If you live in the western hemisphere mostly the Americas you would subtract the number of hours from the time shown on the table. Most of the eastern hemisphere will add hours to the time shown in the table. The region enjoys especially dry and clear weather - so much so that a string of major international astronomical observatories have been built there, including Cerro Tololo, La Silla and Gemini South. After crossing the Andes, the lunar shadow descends into Argentina for the last segment of its track.
The shadow covers the kilometer-stretch across Argentina in only 3 minutes. In Argentina, San Juan lies just inside the southern limit while Cordoba is 75 kilometers north of the track.
Just before the path ends, it barely misses Buenos Aires, the northern edge only 30 kilometers south of the center of the capital. Nevertheless, all roads leading from Buenos Aires to the central line will probably be clogged with traffic on eclipse day. At UT1 the lunar shadow lifts off Earth and returns to space. Central line coordinates and circumstances are presented in Table 3. Partial phases of the eclipse are visible across the southern Pacific Ocean and South America. Local circumstances for a number of cities in South America are found in Table 4.
The Sun's altitude and azimuth, the eclipse magnitude and obscuration are all given at the instant of maximum eclipse at each location.
The Jul 02 Solar Eclipse Circumstances Calculator is an interactive web page that can quickly calculate the local circumstances for the eclipse from any geographic location not included in Table 4. This is the 58th eclipse of Saros Espenak and Meeus, All eclipses in the series occur at the Moon's ascending node and gamma decreases with each member in the family. The series is a mature one that began with a modest partial eclipse on Oct After 20 partial eclipses in the series and more than 3 centuries, the first umbral eclipse occurred on May The event was a 2-minute total eclipse through New England, eastern Canada and Greenland.
During the next 2 centuries, the umbral duration continued to increase as each path shifted progressively southward.
The greatest umbral duration of Saros occurred during the total eclipse of Aug Unfortunately, the 5 minute 40 second total eclipse was only visible from equatorial Africa, which was virtually inaccessible to astronomers of the day. As the duration of each succeeding eclipse decreased, the paths reversed their southern migration and drifted northward during the 18th and 19th centuries. This effect occurred as a result of the Northern Hemisphere season shifting from winter to summer when the Northern Hemisphere tipped towards the Sun.
The southbound trend of the Saros series resumed with the eclipse of May At this point, the duration of totality at greatest eclipse had again increased to over 5 minutes.
The most recent member occurred on Jun 21 and its path crossed southern Africa on the summer solstice. After , the next member occurs on Jul 13 and passes through Australia and New Zealand. On Jul 24, the series returns to the African continent producing a path through South Africa. The duration of totality drops as Saros continues to produce total eclipses during the 21st century.
The last total eclipse of the series occurs on Aug 15 and lasts a maximum of 1 minute 38 seconds. The final 20 eclipses of the series are all partial events in the polar regions of the Southern Hemisphere. The family terminates with the partial eclipse of Feb Click for detailed diagram Partial Lunar Eclipse of July It takes place 4. At the instant of greatest eclipse UT1 the Moon lies near the zenith from a location in South Africa. The event is well placed for observers in Europe, Africa, and South Asia. None of the eclipse will be visible from North America.
South America will see later stages of the eclipse, which begins before the Moon rises. Table 5 lists predicted umbral immersion and emersion times for 25 well-defined lunar craters. The July 16 eclipse is the 21st eclipse of Saros This series began on Dec 09 and is composed of 79 lunar eclipses in the following sequence: 16 penumbral, 7 partial, 27 total, 8 partial, and 21 penumbral eclipses Espenak and Meeus, a.
The first total eclipse is on Aug 17 and the final eclipse of the series is on Apr Click for detailed diagram Annular Solar Eclipse of December The last eclipse of the year is the third solar eclipse. A partial eclipse is visible from a much larger region covering much of Asia, northeast Africa, Oceana and western Australia Figure 6. The path width is kilometers and the duration of annularity is 2 minutes 59 seconds. Although Bahrain lies just outside the path, the southern half of Qatar is within the path of annularity.
Continuing to the southeast, the path crosses the southern United Arab Emirates and northern Oman before entering the Arabian Sea. The antumbral shadow reaches the southwest coast of the Indian subcontinent at UT1. Traveling with a ground speed of about 1.
It sweeps over northern Sri Lanka before heading into the Bay of Bengal. Greatest eclipse occurs in eastern Sumatra at UT1, with an annular duration of 3 minutes 39 seconds. Racing across the South China Sea, the central track crosses Borneo and the Celebes Sea as it curves to the northeast and passes south of the Philippines archipelago. As it heads across the western Pacific, the antumbral shadow encounters Guam at UT1.
During the course of its 3. Path coordinates and central line circumstances are presented in Table 6. Local circumstances and eclipse times for a number of cities in Asia are listed in Table 7. The Sun's altitude and azimuth, eclipse magnitude and eclipse obscuration are all given at the instant of maximum eclipse.
The December 26 Solar Eclipse Circumstances Calculator is an interactive web page that can quickly calculate the local circumstances for the eclipse from any geographic location not included in Table 7.
This is the 46th eclipse of Saros Espenak and Meeus, The series began on Aug 13 with a string of 20 partial eclipses. The series continued with 33 consecutive annular eclipses from Mar 17 to Mar Saros then changes character with 2 hybrid eclipses from Mar 23 to Apr The first of 7 total eclipses occurs on Apr The series reverts back to partial with the eclipse of Jun It will continue producing partial eclipses until the series ends on Sep In all, Saros produces 71 solar eclipses in the sequence of 20 partial, 33 annular, 2 hybrid, 7 total and 9 partial eclipses.
The altitude a and azimuth A of the Sun or Moon during an eclipse depend on the time and the observer's geographic coordinates. They are calculated as follows:. During the eclipses of , the values for GST and the geocentric Right Ascension and Declination of the Sun or the Moon at greatest eclipse are as follows:.
Two web based tools that can also be used to calculate the local circumstances for all solar and lunar eclipses visible from any location.